There is a linear relationship between volume and variable costs. They are neither perfectly variable nor absolutely fixed in relation to changes in volume. If the marginal cost is lower than the price you can sell the additional product for, it may make sense to increase the level of output. This depends partly on the fact that the marketing department is not identical with the marketing function of the firm. Marketing activities may also be carried out by the managing director, service engineers, and others. This is especially evident in service firms where the same person may produce as well as market and administrate.
Refer to costs that involve current cash payments to outsiders. On the other hand book costs such as depreciation, do not require current cash payments. Book costs can be converted into out of pocket costs by selling the assets and having them on hire. Rent would then replace depreciation and interest, while understanding https://www.bookstime.com/articles/cost-principle expansion; book costs do not come into the picture until the assets are purchased. Abandonment arises when there is complete cessation of activities. These costs become important when management is faced with the alternatives of either continuing the existing plant or suspending its operation or abandoning it altogether.
A direct cost is a cost directly tied to a product’s production and typically includes direct materials, labor, and distribution costs. Inventory, raw materials, and employee wages for factory workers are all examples of direct costs. When a company begins to manufacture items, it must pay the price for the elements of production that were engaged.
Although cost is mainly dependent upon demand and supply, its variations are important to note to learn about the value of an object. Our writing and editorial staff are a team of experts holding advanced financial designations and have written for most major financial media publications. Our work has been directly cited by organizations including Entrepreneur, Business Insider, Investopedia, Forbes, CNBC, and many others. We follow strict ethical journalism practices, which includes presenting unbiased information and citing reliable, attributed resources. At Finance Strategists, we partner with financial experts to ensure the accuracy of our financial content. The articles and research support materials available on this site are educational and are not intended to be investment or tax advice.
On the basis of direct and indirect costs, a business manager can make the decision regarding the contraction and expansion of any production activity, working of any department or process. Historic costs or sunk costs are costs that have been incurred in the past and do not have any relationship with the decision-making process. Sunk costs are historical costs that cannot be changed whatever the current condition of the business. Therefore, they are costs that are out of reach of the management of a firm. To elaborate on this concept, if an asset does not cost anything (i.e., no money is paid for its acquisition), it would not be recorded in the company’s books.
A company may not record what it estimates or thinks the value of the asset is, only what is verifiable. Financial assets such as stocks and bonds are excluded from cost principle as these are recorded as fair market value. The meaning of the cost differs from one discipline to another. An accountant has a different point of view than that an economist. A sociologist thinks in different ways and his point of view is different from those of accountants and economists. The Cost Concepts is used in different ways in decision-making by business managers.